OZ BUSINESS – AUSTRALIAN INVENTIONS

Australian inventors and thinkers have contributed many things to society that we now take for granted.

 

  • The paper notepad. A Tasmanian stationary shop worker glued a stack of paper sheets together to create the first notepad. Really this seems like a blank book, but the idea was very useful.
  • Electric drill. An 1889 invention originally used for mining.
  • The fridge developed from an ice making machine first sold in 1854.
  • WiFi systems. These were impractical because of the signals echoing inside buildings. In 1992 the CSIRO realized that they could adapt some technology used for astronomy, and WiFi became practical.
  • Pacemaker- A 1926 invention from a Sydney hospital. It was a generation before they were wearable, let alone implantable, but they started back in the 1920s.
  • The first clapper board used for filmmakers.
  • The hoisting clothesline. An Adelaide invention from 1926.
  • Blackbox flight recorders. A 1958 Melbourne invention.
  • The Power-board. This was never patented, so it appears in many places.
  • Plastic lens for glasses. A 1960 invention that are extremely scratch proof and safe.
  • Baby safety capsule. 1984
  • The sampler- That device that records a sound and plays it back as a musical note. Invented by Fairlight (CMI) in Sydney 1971.
  • Product Activation system- to prevent the piracy of software packages.
  • Google Maps- the platform for this was developed by the Rasmussen brothers in Australia.
  • Quantum bit, needed if quantum computing is to become a reality. First built at NSW University in 2012

 

DIAMOND RINGS SYDNEY CITY

Diamond Shop Sydney City

There are a few factors used to classify diamonds, all of which relate to their value.

Colour- White, yellow, orange, pink, blue and other colours are known. Pure white is sometime considered the most desirable, but near white and yellow look near identical when set in gold. Some prefer rare coloured diamonds, pink being considered very sweet.

Clarity – Almost all diamonds have imperfections. Almost all imperfections in jewellery diamonds are unnoticeable, except with a microscope. Always check for imperfections, as they affect the value of the stone. But if it’s not really visible except with a microscope you may fins it’s a great looking stone at a reduced price. Occasionally the setting can cover the imperfection.

Carat – this is the weight of the stone, which also means its size. This is one factor in the value of the stone, and probably the first thing we notice about the diamond is its size. Yet it is not the only factor. A flawless small diamond is worth more than an imperfect large stone.

Cut – This is the physical shape of the stone, as fashioned by the diamond cutter. The ‘ideal’ cut (a technical term) reflects light of the diamond parallel to the path from which it entered. This makes the diamond look more brilliant. Other than that the cut is a matter of personal preference.

Diamond Price Sydney City

Diamonds are best bought wholesale. This does not mean any shady online dealers or anything from the back of a truck. This means a reputable supplier of diamonds, the same pace the retailers buy their gemstones.

Wedding Rings Sydney City

When considering a wedding ring it is advisable to but wholesale and have a ring custom made. This not only allows the individual the opportunity to specify the ring they want, it is more economical and allows the buyer to purchase a more expensive stone.

Engagement Ring Sydney CBD

Engagement rings can also be custom made at reasonable prices. Matching or complimentary rings are worth considering, and are readily achievable with wholesale and custom made jewellery.

Photographing the individuals

A photographer is mean to make the subject look good. This might not always mean attractive in the conventional sense, but it helps. It is possible to make the overall image look good without every subject in the image appearing to be an attractive individual, but if we can make the individuals look attractive, all the better.

 

Tricks, as with any art-form, need to be invisible. We should get the impression that the person looks like the image, or at least they looked like that on the day. If you do use Photoshop, use it sparingly. By all means cover up the occasional acne blemish, but not a birthmark.

 

Wrinkles are an issue with every person as they get older. If you photograph a wedding you will have grandparents and other relatives to appease. These people weren’t always old, and probably don’t like to think of themselves that way. Rather than Photoshop out the issue(s) try to use natural light while taking the shot. If light is directly on the face the wrinkles are less visible. Light from other angles can emphasis the shadows, and make for unflattering facial images. If you want you can augment the natural light with a flash or reflector.

 

Normally out brains adjusts what we see according to the context. When an image is framed as a photo a lot of context is left out of the frame and our brains does not compensate in the same way.  Looking at what is isolated in the frame is a large part of getting a good image.

 

 

 

 

 

Budget Changes from Earlier This Year.

If you’re running a small business, something under $2 million a year, you can claim back purchases under $20, 000. Previously this threshold was set at $1000. The usefulness of this varies. If you are a trade-worker deducting tools or a café owner buying a new coffee machine the new threshold will be useful. If you are setting up something major, however, it can still be an issue. A work vehicle is unlikely to come under $20 000, even though this is a feasible purchase for any business. Industrial items over $20 000 suffer a similar fate. However, an expensive item can still be deducted over a period of several years.

What most people miss is the fact there is no limit to the number of $20 000 items deducted. It isn’t a total of $20 000 for all the items together, you can deduct as many under $20 000 items as you like. As such, it might be a good time to stock up.  It might be a good time to start a small business.

As the tax rate for this small business group also falls from 30% to 28.5 % there is an increased benefit. This is the lowest small business tax in a generation. Sole traders will have some further benefits, with a 5% tax discount up to $1000.oo

As more than 95% of businesses in Australia fall under the $2 million threshold, making them eligible as small businesses, this will benefit a lot of companies. We hope it doesn’t discourage anybody from expanding their operation above the $2 million threshold.

The program looks to stay in place until the end of the 2017 financial year.


REFERENCES

http://www.budget.gov.au/2015-16/content/highlights/jobsandsmallbusiness.html

https://www.ato.gov.au/General/New-legislation/In-detail/Direct-taxes/Income-tax-for-businesses/Small-Business—expanding-accelerated-depreciation/

Some Pre-history of the Mobile Phone

In 1949 there was a group called MTS, Mobile Telephone Service, in the USA. They had about 500 customers who paided a day’s earning to use a portable (mobile) telephone weighing 36kg. There were only three channels available (i.e.: three calls possible at the same time) and the system was simplex – customers pressed a button to speak and released it to listen. Each call required an operator to set things up.

A 1965 company called Improved Mobile Telephone service managed to expand the system, but dispite great demand they were leagally limited to 40,000 customers. It usually took half an hour to place a call. A rival company called RCC also existed, but with its own limitations.

The first hand held mobile appeared in 1973. These were almost a foot long and weighed over a kilo, but much smaller than previous mobiles that were usually kept in a car. Talk time was 30 minutes and charge time was about 10 hours.

The 1G cellular mobile phone network become operational in Japan in 1979, covering the whole country by 1981. The concept of using hexagonal cells goes back to Bell labs in 1947, but it took thirty years before the concept was implemented. The Cellular system was running in the USE by 1983 and Australia by 1987. These systems did use some digital features, but were basically analogue. The mobile phones of this era, like the Motorola dynaTAC, still only had a little over half hour talk time and required 10 hours for charging.

Digital systems came in during the 1990’s this allowed smaller phones with better battery life. These digital systems had far more cell-sites, meaning more base stations and hence a shorter distance broadcast distance between the mobile to the main telephone system. All this helped battery life. Text messaging started to become common by the mid to late 1990s. Internet connections appeared in 1999.

For Mobile phone repairs in Campsie, Newtown, Ashfield, Canterbury, Marrickville, talk to ETS cellular.

Cakes for all Occasions

Cake art and dessert art has become increasingly popular in the last decade. More and more cake companies are starting to implement innovative designs into their cake using fondant. Sweet Olivia designs cakes for a variety of events including weddings, birthdays and special occasions. Amongst cakes Sweet Olivia also makes macarons, cookies and conducts sugar art classes. With Wedding Cakes in particular, Sweet Olivia offers a wide variety of designs including their rose theme, pearl theme and spring garden theme, Cakes usually take 4 to 5 weeks to conceptualise and develop.